Work-lists of 19th-century Symphonists
by David Bratman
Introduction and description on the symphonies page.

Hugo Alfvén (1872-1960) Swedish
Source: MGG

Anton Arensky (1861-1906) Russian
Source: Grove

Juan Crisóstomo de Arriaga (1806-1826) Spanish
Source: Barbara Rosen, Arriaga, the Forgotten Genius (Reno: Basque Studies Program, University of Nevada, 1988); Sharon Kay Hoke, Juan Crisóstomo de Arriaga: A Historical and Analytical Study (Ph.D. thesis, University of Iowa, 1983)

Note: The Symphony is of mixed major/minor modality, so it is sometimes referred to as being in d.

Carles Baguer (1768-1808) Spanish
Source: La Música Orquestral de Carles Baguer, ed. Josep Maria Vilar, v. 3 (Barcelona: Tritó, 2003); Sinfonías, ed. Josep Ma. Vilar i Torrens (Madrid: Sociedad Española de Musicologia, 1990)

Note: Numbering provided by Vilar, not otherwise used. The catalog in the 1990 score lists a fragmentary work in F as Symphony No. 15. The work listed as No. 15 above replaces it in the 2003 score; in the 1990 catalog the same work appears as a symphony for keyboard (No. 2 in C). Neither form of the list quite matches the unnumbered list of 19 symphonies Vilar provided for the Baguer entry in Diccionario de la música española e hispanoamericana (Sociedad General de Autores e Editores, 1999-2002), nor the different summation in his article in Music in Spain during the Eighteenth Century, ed. Malcolm Boyd and Juan José Carreras (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998), but because of insufficient identification no attempt has been made to combine these.

Mily Balakirev (1837-1910) Russian
Source: Grove

Amy Marcy Beach (1867-1944) American
Source: Grove

Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) German/Austrian
Source: Barry Cooper, ed., The Beethoven Compendium (Ann Arbor: Borders Press, 1991)

Note: Not all musicologists accept Cooper's identification of the 1820s sketches as for a symphony, still less his reconstruction of Beethoven's intent. Various other fragmentary and presumptive sketches are listed in Beethoven's Music: The Biamonti Catalogue.

Vincenzo Bellini (1801-1835) Italian
Source: Grove, copied from Heinz-Klaus Metzger and Rainer Riehn, ed., Vincenzo Bellini (Musik-Konzepte 46, 1985)

Note: Francesco Pastura, Bellini secondo la storia ([Parma]: Guanda, 1959) has a slightly different list with different ordering: Sinfonia in D, plus 6 composed in conservatory 1821-24: Eb, d, Bb, c, d, Eb.

William Sterndale Bennett (1816-1875) English
Source: Rosemary Williamson, William Sterndale Bennett: A Descriptive Thematic Catalogue (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996), where WO = works without opus and U = unfinished, sketches, fragments; Brown v. 3B

Note: Numbers in brackets from Brown.

Hector Berlioz (1803-1869) French
Source: D. Kern Holoman, Catalogue of the Works of Hector Berlioz (Kassel: Bärenreiter, 1987); MGG; Michel Austin and Monir Tayeb,
The Hector Berlioz Website; keys from Holoman 19th

Franz Berwald (1796-1868) Swedish
Source: Grove; Symphonies and Overtures (Roy Goodman, Swedish Radio Symphony Orchestra; Hyperion CDD22043); Broman numbering from Simpson

Note: Only no. 4 is numbered by the composer; the others are back-numbered. Sten Broman's numbering was formerly used but is now obsolete.

Georges Bizet (1838-1875) French
Source: Grove; Holoman

Note: Roma (1860-68, rev. 1871) is a symphonic poem but is sometimes called a Symphony in C.

Arrigo Boito (1842-1918) Italian
Source: MGG

Aleksandr Borodin (1833-1887) Russian
Source: MGG; Brown v. 3B

Johannes Brahms (1833-1897) German/Austrian
Source: Grove, copied from Margit L. McCorkle, Johannes Brahms: Thematisch-bibliographisches Werkverzeichnis (Munich: Henle, 1984); Brown v. 4

Johannes Bernardus van Bree (1801-1857) Dutch
Source: Grove; MGG; OCLC; F.C. Kist, "Necroloog: Johannes Bernardus van Bree", Caecilia: Algemeen Muzikaal Tijdschrift van Nederland 14 (24): 226-29 (1857)

George Frederick Bristow (1825-1898) American
Source: Neil Butterworth, The American Symphony (Aldershot: Ashgate, 1998); Delmer Dalzell Rogers, Nineteenth-Century Music in New York City as Reflected in the Career of George Frederick Bristow (Ph.D. thesis, University of Michigan, 1967)

Note: Numbers not always used.

Max Bruch (1838-1920) German
Source: Matthias Falke, Die Symphonie zwischen Schumann und Brahms (Berlin: Kuhn, 2006)

Anton Bruckner (1824-1896) Austrian
Source: Renate Grasberger, Werkverzeichnis Anton Bruckner (Tutzing: Schneider, 1977), whence WAB numbers

Note: A more detailed list of versions and editions (slightly conflicting with the above) by José Oscar Marques is at The Several Versions of Bruckner's Symphonies.

Norbert Burgmüller (1810-1836) German
Source: MGG, copied from Klaus Martin Kopitz, Der Düsseldorfer Komponist Norbert Burgmüller (Kleve: Boss, 1998)

George Whitefield Chadwick (1854-1931) American
Source: Bill F. Faucett, George Whitefield Chadwick: A Bio-Bibliography (Westport: Greenwood, 1998)

Ernest Chausson (1855-1899) French
Source: Grove

Luigi Cherubini (1760-1842) Italian/French
Source: MGG

Muzio Clementi (1752-1832) Italian/English
Source: Brook, who takes WO = works without opus from Alan Tyson, Thematic Catalogue of the Works of Muzio Clementi (Tutzing: Schneider, 1967); Massimiliano Sala, "Muzio Clementi's Symphonies," in Roberto Illiiano, et al, ed., Muzio Clementi: Studies and Prospects (Bologna: Orpheus, 2002); composition dates from unidentified source

Note: All numbered works survive in incomplete form and have been reconstructed. Fragments omitted. Pietro Spada, The Complete Symphonic Works of Muzio Clementi (Milano: Zerboni, 1977), cites an undated Symphony in C whose first movement was published as an overture.

Frederic Hymen Cowen (1852-1935) English
Source: Grove

Carl Czerny (1791-1857) Austrian
Source: MGG; recordings of Symphonies No. 1 & 5 (Nikos Athineos, Staatsorchester Frankfurt; Signum X89-00) and of Symphonies No. 2 & 6 (Grzegorz Nowak, SWR Rundfunkorchester Kaiserslautern; SWR/Hänssler 93.169); Sinfonia Nr. 5 in Es-Dur (Leipzig: Krämer, 2001); Wyn Jones

Note: There is no consistent catalog of Czerny's symphonies. MGG lists four unpublished and unnumbered symphonies after No. 2, the last of which is listed as being in Bb and might be the same as the work recorded as No. 6 in g. Numbering of nos. 5-6 is from the recordings and score which give no authority; matching of keys and numbers of nos. 3-4 has been hypothesized by this compiler as being the recordings' intention. The 1814 Symphony in D described by Wyn Jones is not the same work as Op. 781; despite its absence from MGG, its existence is presumptively confirmed by Eusebius Mandyczewski, ed., Zusatz-Band zur Geschichte der K.K. Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde in Wien (Wien, 1912), which says that the Gesellschaft holds five, not four, unpublished Czerny symphonies in manuscript, where Wyn Jones found it. The Op. 2 symphony from MGG is not listed in Grove, and the number is taken by another work on the Czerny worklist in Franz Pazdírek, Universal-Handbuch der Musikliterature aller Zeiten und Volker (Vienna, 1904-10), so it may be a phantom.

Franz Danzi (1763-1826) German
Source: Brook

Note: Numbers not always used.

Félicien David (1810-1876) French
Source: MGG; numbers from unidentified source

Note: Numbers not always used.

Gaetano Donizetti (1797-1848) Italian
Source: Brook, who takes Z. numbers from Guido Zavadini, Donizette: Vita, Musiche, Epistolario (Bergamo: Istituto italiano d'arti grafiche, 1948).

Note: These are all one-movement works, presumably overtures rather than symphonies in the modern sense. Neither Grove nor MGG exactly matches this list.

Cornelis Dopper (1870-1939) Dutch
Source: Works of Cornelis Dopper (formerly
online, now removed and not archived), partially confirmed by Grove; recordings of Symphonies No. 2 and of No. 3 & 6 (Matthias Bamert, Residentie Orchestra The Hague; Chandos 9884 and 9923)

Note: MGG dates No. 4 1906 and No. 5 1914.

Felix Draeseke (1835-1913) German
Source: Alan Henry Krueck, The Symphonies of Felix Draeseke (Ph.D. thesis, University of Zürich, 1967); MGG

Paul Dukas (1865-1935) French
Source: Simon-Pierre Perret and Marie-Laure Ragot, Paul Dukas (Paris: Fayard, 2007); MGG

Antonín Dvorák (1841-1904) Czech
Source: Jarmil Burghauser, Antonín Dvorák: Thematický Katalog, Bibliografie, Preheld Zivota a Dila, 2nd ed. (Prague: Bärenreiter Editio Supraphon, 1996), whence B. numbers

Note: Publication numbers were in regular use until the 1960s. Burghauser also lists four late sketches (B. 412, 418, 420, and 431, dated between 1892 and 1894) not included in most catalogs.

Louise Farrenc (1804-1875) French
Source: Grove, confirmed by Christin Heitmann, ed., Louise Farrenc (1804-1875): Thematisch-bibliographisches Werkverzeichnis (Wilhelmshaven: Noetzel, 2005)

Gabriel Fauré (1845-1924) French
Source: Jean-Michel Nectoux, Gabriel Fauré: A Musical Life (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991); Grove; MGG

Friedrich Ernst Fesca (1789-1826) German
Source: MGG, confirmed by Markus Frei-Hauenschild, Friedrich Ernst Fesca (1789-1826): Studien zu Biographie und Streichquartettschaffen (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck und Ruprecht, 1996)

Zdenek Fibich (1850-1900) Czech
Source: Vladimír Hudec, Zdenek Fibich: Tematický Katalog (Praha: Bärenreiter, 2001), whence H. numbers; Grove; Brown v. 4

Note: Of bracketed numbers, No. 1-2 were used and abandoned by Fibich; other bracketed numbers are supplied by Brown and not otherwise used.

Josef Bohuslav Foerster (1859-1951) Czech
Source: Grove; MGG

César Franck (1822-1890) Belgian/French
Source: Grove; MGG; Brown v. 3B

Johannes Frederik Fröhlich (1806-1860) Danish
Source: Grove

William Henry Fry (1813-1864) American
Source: Grove; e-mail from Joseph R. Harvey, Aug. 19, 2010; Santa Claus Symphony [etc.] (Tony Rowe, Royal Scottish National Orchestra; Naxos 8.559057)

Note: None of these works are in traditional symphonic form. The numbering of the Hagar work suggests the composition of other works that neither survive nor are attested to, but no information is to be had on those. The supposedly lost Breaking Heart and A Day in the Country were identified among Fry's surviving works by Joseph R. Harvey. I have not seen his 2001 M.A. thesis from West Chester University, Rethinking William Henry Fry: Uncovering Two Lost Symphonies, but it is referred to in the Naxos CD liner notes.

Robert Fuchs (1847-1927) Austrian
Source: MGG

Niels Gade (1817-1890) Danish
Source: MGG; Grove

André Gedalge (1856-1926) French
Source: MGG; Brown v. 3B

Friedrich Gernsheim (1839-1916) German
Source: MGG; Complete Symphonies (Siegfried Köhler, Staatsphilharmonie Rheinland-Pfalz; Arte Nova 636350)

Louis Glass (1864-1936) Danish
Source: Grove

Aleksandr Glazunov (1865-1936) Russian
Source: MGG; Grove

Mikhail Glinka (1804-1857) Russian
Source: Grove; BBC Music Library Orchestral Catalogue (London: BBC, 1982)

Hermann Goetz (1840-1876) German
Source: MGG, confirmed by Marek Bobéth, Hermann Goetz: Leben und Werk (Winterthur: Amadeus, 1995); bracketed numbers from Grove

Karl Goldmark (1830-1915) Austro-Hungarian
Source: Brown v. 4

Note: Numbering of No. 1 is assumed by Brown based on Goldmark's numbering of No. 2.

François-Joseph Gossec (1734-1829) Belgian/French
Source: Brook, whence B. numbers

Note: Omits undated sketches, orchestral trios, doubtful works.

Louis Moreau Gottschalk (1829-1869) American
Source: John G. Doyle, Louis Moreau Gottschalk, 1829-1869: A Bibliographical Study and Catalog of Works (Detroit: Information Coordinators, 1983); Robert Offergeld, The Centennial Catalogue of the Published and Unpublished Compositions of Louis Moreau Gottschalk (New York: Ziff-Davis, 1970); William E. Korf, The Orchestral Music of Louis Moreau Gottschalk (Henryville: Institute of Mediaeval Music, 1983)

Charles-François Gounod (1818-1893) French
Source: Brown v. 3B

Aleksandr Grechaninov (1864-1956) Russian
Source: MGG; Grove

Edvard Grieg (1843-1907) Norwegian
Source: Grove; Brown v. 3A

Note: This work was withdrawn by the composer, but unearthed after his death. "Two Symphonic Movements" from this work were arranged for piano four-hands and published as Op. 14.

Alexandre Guilmant (1837-1911) French
Source: MGG

Adalbert Gyrowetz (1763-1850) Czech
Source: Brook

Note: Gyrowetz's symphonies appear usually to be cited by the opus numbers of the publisher André when available. Other numbering is used here only when opus numbers do not exist. Brook provides numbering by key, not given here. Works not called symphony omitted. Grove does not entirely match this list.

Asger Hamerik (1843-1923) Danish
Source: MGG

Johan Peter Emilius Hartmann (1805-1900) Danish
Source: Brown v. 3A, copied from Brook

Anthony Philip Heinrich (1781-1861) Czech/American
Source: Wilbur Richard Maust, The Symphonies of Anthony Philip Heinrich Based on American Themes (Ph.D. thesis, Indiana University, 1973); William Treat Upton, Anthony Philip Heinrich: A Nineteenth-Century Composer in America (New York: Columbia University Press, 1939); Grove

Note: Heinrich was inconsistent in which orchestral works he subtitled symphony or sinfonia on scores and in lists of his works, and none are in traditional symphonic form. This list follows the selection and ordering of Maust, supplemented by Grove.

Ferdinand Herold (1791-1833) French
Source: Brook

Ferdinand Hiller (1811-1885) German
Source: MGG; Musical Times 1 Aug 1852: 45 and OCLC (both cited in
Wikipedia); recording of Piano Concertos Nos. 1-3 (Hyperion); Christopher Fifield, The German Symphony between Beethoven and Brahms (London: Routledge, 2015)

Note: Symphony No. 1's existence is presumed from the reference to Symphony No. 2 in the Hyperion recording. MGG says merely that Hiller wrote two symphonies in the 1829-34 period, not otherwise specifying them. Fifield says that Hiller wrote five symphonies altogether, adding mysteriously "but it is not known how many different ones are meant," and that only two are still extant, of which Op. 67 is one; the other is not specified. A recording of a Symphony in C is reported, but has not been confirmed.

Alois Hnilicka (1826-1909) Czech
Source: Ceskoslovenský Hudební Slovník (Praha, 1963-65)

Franz Anton Hoffmeister (1754-1812) Austrian
Source: Brook

Note: Key numberings from Brook. Opus numbers included when available. Numerous incomplete and conflicting publisher, catalog, and manuscript holdings serial numbers omitted.

Hans Huber (1852-1921) Swiss
Source: Edgar Refardt, Hans Huber: Leben und Werk eines Schweizer Musikers (Zürich: Atlantis, 1944); MGG

Note: Schweizer Musiker-Lexikon (Zurich: Atlantis, 1964) contains conspicuous inaccuracies derived from misreadings of Refardt.

Vincent d'Indy (1851-1931) French
Source: MGG; Brown v. 3B

Note: Jean and Francine Maillard, Vincent d'Indy: Le Maître et sa musique (Paris: Zurfluh, 1994) date Jean Hundaye 1874-75 and No. 3 1916-17; Grove copies the dating of the former.

Vasily Kalinnikov (1866-1901) Russian
Source: Grove

Johann Wenzel Kalliwoda (1801-1866) Czech/German
Source: László Strauss-Németh, Johann Wenzel Kalliwoda und die Musik am Hof von Donaueschingen (Hildesheim: Olms, 2005); Grove

Note: Strauss-Németh numbering, customarily used, is in order of publication.

Jan Kanka (1772-1863) Czech
Source: Grove

Jan Bedrich Kittl (1806-1868) Czech
Source: Grove, copied from list in Symfonie Es dur, ed. Jarmil Burghauser (Praha: Státní Nakladatelství Krásné Literatury Hudby a Umeni, 1960)

Franz Krommer (1759-1831) Czech
Source: Karel Padrta, Franz Krommer (1759-1831): Thematischer Katalog seiner musikalischen Werke (Praha: Supraphon, 1997); Wyn Jones

Note: Excludes doubtful works.

Joseph Kueffner (1776-1856) German
Source: MGG, copied from Matthias Henke, Joseph Küffner: Leben und Werk das Würzburger Musikers im Spiegel der Geschichte (Tutzing: Schneider, 1985)

Franz Paul Lachner (1803-1890) German
Source: Wolfram Steinbeck, "Lachner und die Symphonie" in Franz Lachner und seine Brüder, ed. Stephan Hörner & Hartmut Schick (Tutzing: Schneider, 2006)

Edouard Lalo (1823-1892) French
Source: MGG; Grove; Brown v. 3B

Note: No information is available on two early symphonies (composed before 1870) destroyed by the composer.

Sergei Liapunov (1859-1924) Russian
Source: Grove

Adolf Fredrik Lindblad (1801-1878) Swedish
Source: Brown v. 3A; Symphonies (Gérard Korsten, Uppsala Chamber Orchestra; Naxos)

Franz Liszt (1811-1886) Hungarian
Source: Michael Short and Leslie Howard, Ferenc Liszt (1811-1886): List of Works (Milano: Rugginenti, 2004); Grove; Brown v. 3A; keys from Holoman

George Macfarren (1813-1887) English
Source: Grove

Albéric Magnard (1865-1914) French
Source: MGG, copied from Simon-Pierre Perret and Harry Halbreich, Albéric Magnard (Paris: Fayard, 2001)

Gustav Mahler (1860-1911) Austrian
Source: Brown v. 4; Grove

Note: Brown hypothesizes seven lost symphonies written between 1876 and 1888, to which he gives letters A-G. Other sources do not accept this hypothesis. Enhanced key signatures from Grove.

John Marsh (1752-1828) English
Source: The John Marsh Journals, ed. Brian Robins (Stuyvesant, NY: Pendragon Press, 1998); Grove

Giuseppe Martucci (1856-1909) Italian
Source: Grove

Leopold Mechura (1804-1870) Czech
Source: MGG; Ceskoslovenský Hudební Slovník (Praha, 1963-65); Grove; Layton

Note: Numbers (from Grove and Layton, with extrapolations) not always used.

Étienne-Nicolas Méhul (1763-1817) French
Source: Brook

Felix Mendelssohn (1809-1847) German
Source: Brown v. 3A; Grove; MGG; Holoman

Note: numbers in brackets from Brown, not otherwise used. The more usually used numbers of the mature symphonies are in order of publication.

Ignaz Moscheles (1794-1870) Czech
Source: Emil F. Smidak, Isaak-Ignaz Moscheles (Aldershot: Scolar Press, 1989); Grove

Note: Called Symphony No. 1 though there is no No. 2. Mary Sue Morrow, Concert Life in Haydn's Vienna (Stuyvesant, NY: Pendragon Press, 1989), following contemporary sources which I have also examined, lists a symphony by Moscheles as performed in Vienna in 1809, but neither Smidak nor other biographies of Moscheles report such a work or suggest that he was writing symphonies at this age.

Carl Nielsen (1865-1931) Danish
Source: MGG; Brown v. 3A; Dan Fog and Torben Schousboe, Carl Nielsen, Kompositioner: En Bibliografi (Copenhagen: Nyt Nordisk, 1965), whence FS numbers

Note: Enhanced key signatures from Brown.

Ludvig Norman (1831-1885) Swedish
Source: Grove; numbers from Lina Lagerbielke, Svenska Tonsättare under Nittonde Århundradet (Stockholm: Wahlström & Widstrand, 1908)

Note: Grove's Dictionary of Music and Musicians, 5th ed., ed. Eric Blom (London: Macmillan, 1954) and Layton both say Norman wrote four symphonies, but the fourth is evidently a ghost.

George Onslow (1784-1853) French
Source: MGG; Brook

John Knowles Paine (1839-1906) American
Source: John C. Schmidt, The Life and Work of John Knowles Paine (Ann Arbor: UMI Research Press, 1980); Grove

Horatio Parker (1863-1919) American
Source: Adrienne Nesnow, Horatio Parker Papers (New Haven: Yale University Music Library, 1981)

Note: Grove and MGG list the Symphony as being in C. Possibly it is a work of mixed modality.

Hubert Parry (1848-1918) English
Source: Grove; Brown v. 3B

Note: No. 5 is sometimes considered a fantasia rather than a symphony.

Václav Pichl (1741-1805) Czech
Source: Brook

Note: Excludes questionable and most lost symphonies. Numbering, from Brook, when used usually cited as Zakin catalog numbers.

Ignaz Pleyel (1757-1831) Austrian/French
Source: Brook; Rita Benton, Ignace Pleyel: A Thematic Catalogue of His Compositions (New York: Pendragon, 1977), whence B. numbers; Grove

Note: Numbers through 29 are original publishers' numbers; others assigned by Raymond R. Smith in Brook, differing from Brook's own numbers in La Symphonie Française, not given here. Opus numbers, from Benton, are mostly those of the publisher André and are occasionally contradicted by other original publishers. Unidentified symphonies in Benton are not included.

Cipriani Potter (1792-1871) English
Source: Brown v. 3B; Grove

Note: According to Brown, Potter numbered his symphonies both sequentially and within the key; this has given rise to some confusion of numbering in other sources, notably Grove. There is doubt as to whether the lost symphonies existed at all, as according to Grove, Potter's pupil George Macfarren stated that Potter only wrote nine, the number that are extant. Philip Henry Peter, The Life and Work of Cipriani Potter (Ph.D. thesis, Northwestern University, 1972) omits No. 14 and uses that number for No. 15.

Sergei Rachmaninoff (1873-1943) Russian
Source: Robert Threlfall and Geoffrey Norris, A Catalogue of the Compositions of S. Rachmaninoff (London: Scolar Press, 1982); MGG

Joachim Raff (1822-1882) Swiss/German
Source: Brown v. 3A

Antoine Reicha (1770-1836) Czech/Austrian/French
Source: Olga Sotolová, Antonín Rejcha: A Biography and Thematic Catalog (Praha: Supraphon, 1990); Grove; MGG; Layton

Note: Reicha's symphony catalog is extremely murky. The list above is from Sotolová and includes only extant symphonies, excluding various fragments and lost or hypothesized symphonies (alluded to in documents) mentioned in Grove or MGG, who in turn do not list every item from Sotolová. When dates differ or conflict, they are given from all three sources. Several works are designated as No. 1 on their scores; a No. 2 falls into the lost/alluded to list.

Carl Reinecke (1824-1910) German
Source: MGG;
IMSLP/Petrucci Music Library; Christopher Fifield, The German Symphony between Beethoven and Brahms (London: Routledge, 2015)

Joseph Rheinberger (1839-1901) German
Source: Hans-Josef Irmen, Thematisches Verzeichnis der musikalischen Werke Gabriel Josef Rheinbergers (Regensburg: Bosse, 1974), whence JWV numbers; Grove

Note: Number in brackets from Grove.

Ferdinand Ries (1784-1838) German
Source: Brook; Brown v. 3A; Complete Symphonies (Howard Griffiths, Zurich Chamber Orchestra; CPO 777 216-2)

Note: Numbering is the composer's, except for No. 8 from the CPO recording.

Julius Rietz (1812-1877) German
Source: MGG

Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov (1844-1908) Russian
Source: Grove; MGG; Gerald R. Seaman, Nikolai Andreevich Rimsky-Korsakov: A Guide to Research (New York: Garland, 1988)

Note: Rimsky-Korsakov withdrew the title Symphony from Antar as of the 1897 revision, believing on consideration that it was an inappropriate description, though the work is often still listed under that title. Brown (v. 3B) argues that Sheherazade in E, Op. 35 (1888) is as much of a symphony as Antar is. This may be true, but the composer never called it one.

Andreas Jakob Romberg (1767-1821) German
Source: MGG; Brook, Series C, Vol. 14

Note: Unnumbered works are of unverified authenticity. Elmar Wulf, "Romberg, Andreas Jakob," in Rheinische Musiker 1 (1960): 210-18, lists the 1788 Symphony in F as being in D, possibly a typographic error.

Bernhard Heinrich Romberg (1767-1841) German
Source: Elmar Wulf, "Romberg, Bernhard Heinrich," in Rheinische Musiker 1 (1960): 219-24; MGG; Brook, Series C, Vol. 14

Joseph Guy Ropartz (1864-1955) French
Source: Brown v. 3B

Gioachino Rossini (1792-1868) Italian
Source: Philip Gossett, Le Sinfonie di Rossini (Pesaro: Fondazione Rossini, 1981)

Note: Gossett discusses these works, basically overtures rather than symphonies in the customary sense, interchangeably with Rossini's opera overtures.

Hans Rott (1858-1884) Austrian
Source: Martin Brille,
Hans Rott: The Founder of the New Symphony

Anton Rubinstein (1829-1894) Russian
Source: Grove; Brown v. 3B

Camille Saint-Saëns (1835-1921) French
Source: Sabina Teller Ratner, Camille Saint-Saëns, 1835-1921: A Thematic Catalogue of His Complete Works (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002), whence R. numbers; Brown v. 3B

Franz Schmidt (1874-1939) Austrian
Source: Grove

Franz Schreker (1878-1934) Austrian
Source: Brown v. 4

Franz Schubert (1797-1828) Austrian
Source: Brian Newbould, Schubert and the Symphony (London: Toccata Press, 1992); Brown v. 2; D. numbers from Otto Erich Deutsch catalog

Note: See Newbould's Appendix B for a full explanation of numbering problems.

Robert Schumann (1810-1856) German
Source: Margit L. McCorkle, Robert Schumann: Thematisch-bibliographisches Werkverzeichnis (München: Henle, 2003), whence Anh. [Appendix] numbers; MGG

Note: Overture, Scherzo and Finale was never titled Symphony, but Clara Schumann and Johannes Brahms considered it part of the canon, and it has often been included since.

Jean Sibelius (1865-1957) Finnish
Source: Fabian Dahlström, Jean Sibelius: Thematisch-Bibliographisches Verzeichnis seiner Werke (Wiesbaden: Breitkopf & Härtel, 2003), whence JS numbers; Andrew Barnett, Sibelius (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2007)

Christian Sinding (1856-1941) Norwegian
Source: MGG; Nils Grinde, A History of Norwegian Music (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1991); Øystein Gaustad, "En Sinding-bibliografi," Norsk Musikkgranskning Årbok 1938: 9-57

Note: Sinding began "Winter and Spring" as his Symphony No. 4 but called it a rhapsody on completion. It is, however, frequently listed as a symphony.

Bedrich Smetana (1824-1884) Czech
Source: Grove

Louis Spohr (1784-1859) German
Source: Folker Göthel, Thematisch-bibliographisches Verzeichnis der Werke von Louis Spohr (Tutzing: Schneider, 1981); Brown v. 3A

Charles Villiers Stanford (1852-1924) Irish/English
Source: Paul Rodmell, Charles Villiers Stanford (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2002)

Richard Strauss (1864-1949) German
Source: MGG; Brown v. 3A; Erich H. Mueller von Asow, Richard Strauss Thematisches Verzeichnis (Wien: Doblinger, 1955-66)

Note: Brown also classifies Aus Italien in G, Op. 16 (1886) and the Sonatinas for Winds in F (1943) and Eb (1944-45) as symphonies.

Josef Suk (1874-1935) Czech
Source: Grove, confirmed by Zdenek Nouza and Miroslav Nový, Josef Suk: Tematický Katalog Skladeb (Praha: Bärenreiter, 2005); bracketed numbers from
Library of Congress

Arthur Sullivan (1842-1900) English
Source: Arthur Jacobs, Arthur Sullivan: A Victorian Musician (Portland: Amadeus Press, 1992)

Note: A Symphony No. 2 was announced for 1868-69 performance, but is not known to have been composed.

Johan Svendsen (1840-1911) Norwegian
Source: Finn Benestad and Dag Schjelerup-Ebbe, Johan Svendsen (Columbus: Peer Gynt Press, 1995)

Note: Contemporary references to Svendsen working on a Symphony No. 3 in E in the late 1880s do not specify whether this was a reconstruction of the Symphony No. 3 of unspecified key destroyed (not by the composer's wishes) in 1883 or a new work with the same number. Benestad and Schjelerup-Ebbe are uncertain but imply that it is a reconstruction. Brown (v. 3A) hypothesizes a distinct Symphony No. 4 in C (1886) without providing further evidence.

Sergei Taneyev (1856-1915) Russian
Source: Grove

Note: Numbers applied retrospectively.

Piotr Tchaikovsky (1840-1893) Russian
Source: Alexander Poznansky and Brett Langston, The Tchaikovsky Handbook (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2002)

Václav Jan Krtitel Tomásek (1774-1850) Czech
Source: Grove

Note: No known source numbers these.

Václav Veit (1806-1864) Czech
Source: MGG

Johannes Verhulst (1816-1891) Dutch
Source: Grove

Robert Volkmann (1815-1883) German
Source: MGG; numbering from

Jan Václav Vorísek (1791-1825) Czech
Source: MGG

Richard Wagner (1813-1883) German
Source: Brown v. 3A; John Deathridge et al, Wagner Werk-Verzeichnis (WWV) (Mainz: Scott, 1986)

Note: Various later sketches and plans, too fragmentary to include here, are listed in Deathridge as WWV 78 and WWV 107.

Carl Maria von Weber (1786-1826) German
Source: MGG

Samuel Wesley (1766-1837) English
Source: Brook;

Note: Complete set of bracketed numbers is from Brook, not often used. Other bracketed numbers are from recordings listed in OCLC, and perhaps reflect a complete numbering not otherwise found.

Charles-Marie Widor (1844-1937) French
Source: Brown v. 3B

Johann Wilhelm Wilms (1772-1847) Dutch
Source: Brook; bracketed numbers from
Library of Congress

Note: Only no. 7 is numbered by the composer; the others are back-numbered.

Peter von Winter (1754-1825) German
Source: Brook, whence H. numbers (for Donald G. Henderson, compiler); André numbers from
Library of Congress

Friedrich Witt (1770-1836) German
Source: Brook

Note: Numbers 1-9 from original publications, other numbers assigned arbitrarily in Brook.

Paul Wranitzky (1756-1808) Czech
Source: Milan Postolka, "Thematisches Verzeichnis der Sinfonien Pavel Vranickýs," Miscellanea musicologica 20 (1967): 101-47, whence P numbers; Wyn Jones; e-mail from Daniel Bernhardsson of
The Wranitzky Project, Aug. 22, 2009

Note: At least some of the symphonies published in 1791-92 were probably written in the 1780s. Postolka includes two spurious symphonies (P3 and P28) plus six sextets published by Hoffmeister in 1788 that are sometimes listed as symphonies, but are omitted by Wyn Jones and the Wranitzky Project. MGG list of 54 symphonies does not entirely match this list.

Alexander Zemlinsky (1871-1942) Austrian
Source: Brown v. 4; Lawrence A. Oncley, "The Works of Alexander Zemlinsky: A Chronological List," Notes 34 (1977-78): 291-302;

Note: Numbers are taken from modern recordings listed on OCLC. Grove, MGG, and Brown use bracketed numbers. Following Oncley's hypothesis that the then-unavailable score of the tone poem The Mermaid (1902-03) might be a separate Symphony in Eb while The Mermaid itself was presumed to be lost, Brown numbers the phantom symphony as 4, numbers the Lyric Symphony as 5, and numbers the Sinfonietta in D, Op. 23 (1934), as 6.

Bernard Zweers (1854-1924) Dutch
Source: MGG; OCLC

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Last Updated: Jan. 21, 2021
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